Macula degeneration mostly occurs as a person ages but can occur in two different forms and for different reasons. There is the dry form which involves spots on the retina appearing known as drusen, these spots are debris that build up on the retina with age and can reduce vision. In the wet form new blood vessels form at the macula and cause haemorrhaging and scarring again reducing vision. There are many contributing factors to macula degeneration risk, these include excessive UV exposure, smoking, poor diet and ageing. It is recommended that sunglasses be worn to protect the macula and that our diets should include a healthy dose of antioxidants and omega 3 such as we can find in leafy green vegetables and fish.